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Rabu, 02 Januari 2013

Reported Speech


REPORTED SPEECH (direct/Indirect speech)


1.      Tenses: PRESENT  TENSE MENJADI PAST TENSE, PAST TENSE MENJADI PAST PERFECT TENSE  , PRESENT PERFECT MENJADI PAST PERFECT.
2.      KETERANGAN : here- there. THIS ke THAT. THESE ke THOSE.
3.      COMMAND: He asked me :” take my shoes.”  HE ASKED ME TO TAKE HIS SHOES. She said : “ Don’t go” SHE SAID NOT TO GO
4.      STATEMENT : Ani said : “ I go home at 6”. ANI SAID THAT SHE WENT HOME AT 6. Anto said:” I will come on time “. ANTO SAID THAT HE WOULD COME ON TIME.
5.      YES/NO QUESTION: He asked Ani:” are you sick?” HE ASKED ANI IF SHE WAS SICK. I asked him :” Do you have a pen ?” I ASKED HIM IF HE HAD A PEN.
6.      QUESTION WORD: Mother asked me:” Where have you been ?”MOTHER ASKED ME WHERE I HAD BEEN.  Atun Asked Toni :” Where are you going ?” ATUN ASKED TONI WHERE HE WAS GOING.
Soal : Change the following sentences into indirect speech
a.      The woman says : “I must go to he bank now.”
b.      She asked me :”What did you study?”
c.       The manager said:” I’ll rise your salary.”
Kunci : a. The woman says  that she  must go to he bank then.
b. She asked me what I had studied. C. The manager said that he would salary my salary.



Reported Speech
Study the following sentences.
1. Direct "We will present the paper tomorrow," said the committee.
Reported The committee said that they would present the paper the following
day.
2. Direct Write your full name, please," said the clerk.
Reported The clerk asked me to write my full name.
Reported speech refers to reproducing another person's exact words. When we use reported
speech, we are usually talking about the past. If the "reporting verb" is in form of the simple
past tense or the past perfect tense, the tense, pronoun, and adverb of place the "reported
words" will change.
Verb Tense Changes
Direct Speech
Reported Speech
Present Simple Past Simple
He said,"I present my paper."
PAST SIMPLE
He said he presented his paper.
Present Continuous
He said,"I am presenting my paper."
Past Continuous
He said he was presenting his paper.
Present Perfect
He said,"I have presented my paper."
Past Perfect
He said he had presented his paper
Past Simple
He said,"I presented my paper."
Past Perfect
He said he had presented his paper
Past Continuous
He was presenting his paper
Past Perfect Continuous
He said he had been presenting his paper
Future Simple
He said,"I will present my paper."
Future Simple in the Past
He said he would present his paper.
c. Rangkuman :
Reported speech refers to reproducing another person's exact words. When we use reported
speech, we are usually talking about the past. If the "reporting verb" is in form of the simple
past tense or the past perfect tense, the tense, pronoun, and adverb of place the "reported
words" will change

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