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Senin, 19 Maret 2012

MODUL (TAMBAHAN) KELAS XII SMK N 4 KENDAL

MODUL TAMBAHAN KELAS XII SMK 4 KENDAL

ANTONYM AND SYNONYM

Antonym is a word that is opposite in meaning to another whereas. Synonym is a word with the same meaning as another.
Antonyms and synonyms can be in forms as adjectives , adverbs , nouns, verbs conjhunctions etc. Now look at the examles of the antonyms and synonyms bellow

ANTONYMS

Big (adj)
X
SMKll (adj)
Long (adj)
X
Short (adj)
Open(v)
X
Close( V)
Carefully (adv)
X
Carelessly (adv)
Student (n)
X
Teacher (n)

SYNONYMS

Pretty (adj)
=
Beautiful (adj)
Wealthy (adj)
=
Rich (adj)
Seldom(adv)
=
Rarely (adv)
Usually( adv)
=
Generally (adv)
Accupation (n)
=
Profession (n)
Woman (n)
=
Lady (n)
Occur( v)
=
Happen (v)
Come (V)
=
Arrive (v)


Some times we find the synonyms of a word in the form of phrases showing the quality of the word as follows :
famous
=
Very well known
huge
=
Very large
perniciuous
=
Exremely harmful
warm
=
Rather hot
cool
=
Fairly cold

Match the words on the left with their meaning on the right.

1.definitely
(-----------)
a. greatly large
2.dread
(-----------)
b. very wet
3.jubilant
(-----------)
c. badly damaged
4.enormous
(-----------)
d. very ancious
5. mad
(-----------)
e. rather sad
6. soaking
(-----------)
f. greatly terrible
7. tiny
(-----------)
g. without doubt
8. tremble
(-----------)
h. very happy
9. wistful
(-----------)
i. extremely SMKll
10. wreck
(-----------)
j. very foolish

KEY :
1=G
2=F
3=H
4.=A
5=J
6=B
7=I
8=D
9=E
10=C

Expression used to make and handle a reservation




I

Would like
Want
Am going
Am supposed



To book/ reserve a double room for this weekend.

Could
Can
May



I


Book / reserve a double room for this weekend?

Other expressions about reservation           :
-What can I do for you, sir?
-Can I have your name?
-I beg you pardon?
-Could you spell your name?
-Excuse me; is there anything to do for you?
-Sorry. Can I take to the room?
-Can I book a train seat to Bandung for this afternoon?
-I would like to reserve a single ticket to Denpasar.


Match the expressions in column A to column B
1.  Could I book a room for tomorrow?
2.  When are you supposed to stay?
3.  May I know your rate per night, please?
4.  What can I help you?
5.  May I know your name, address and telephone number, please?
a.    Next week
b.    For the single room, the rate is only US $ 100 per night.
c.    My name is Kamaludin, my address is Jl. Merpati 2 Semarang and my telephone number is 024 – 7476789.
d.   I’d like to book a single room for this weekend.
e.    Certainly, sir. What time will you check in?

KEY :
1=E
2=A
3=B
4=D
5=C


SIMPLE PRESENT FUTURE PERFECT TENSE



Will have               +          past participle ( Verb 3 )


Explanation:
         We use the Future Perfect tense when we speak of an action which will be completed at a time in the future. Look at the example below!

Rudy is hurrying toward school. He will have reached school by the time of the test. His mother will also have cooked dinner, and his sister will have set the table for the meal by the time of breakfast. Rudy says that he will have arrived home before noon.


*            Adverb of time          :
  • By the end of: menjelang akhir. By the end of this year
  • By next July
  • By six o’clock
  • Before.., after…, when…, + Clausa ( present )
  • By then: Menjelang waktu itu.
  • By…: menjelang. By next week / month / year.
  • Into two weeks / month / years: dalam dua minggu, bulan, tahun.


CHOOSE THE RIGHT ANSWER !
1.  I hope that by the time my father retires, I ….a job.
a. Get                                                              c. have got
b. Am getting                                                  d. will have gotten
2.  “ When do you plan to get married ?”
“ After……school”
a. I finish                                                         c. I had finished
b. I have finished                                            d. I am finishing
3.  “ What is your plan for Saturday night ?”
“ I………..a cinema.”
a. Am going to watch                                     c. will watch
b. Have watched                                             d. will have watched
4.  By the end of this week, I….from Malaysia.
a. Am back                                                      c. have been back
b. will have been back                                     d. May be back
5.  “I don’t have my umbrella with me.”
“Don’t worry. By the time the class is over, the rain…”
a. Stops                                                           c. Will have stopped  
b. has stopped                                                 d. had stopped
6.  “You look so pale, I …a chair for you to take a rest.”
a. Will take                                                      c. will be taken
b. Am taking                                                   d. take
7.  Mother …the medicine if you are not well.
a. Will be giving                                              c. will give
b. Will have given                                           d. give
8.  I’m sure, by the end of May, I……all of my tasks.
a. Will complete                                              c. has completed
b. Am completing                                           d. will have completed
9.  When you arrive on the 6 th floor, give my note to the secretary and she …you to my office.
a. Directs                                                         c. will direct
b. Is directing                                                  d. to direct
10.  “Oh, dear! I forget to bring my dictionary.”
  “That’s all right. I…you mine.”
a. Am lending                                                 c. lend
b. Will be lending                                            d. will lend

KEY :
1=D
2=B
3=A
4=B
5=C
6=A
7=C
8=D
9=C
10=D

EXPRESSING AND HANDLING COMPLAINT

Complaining is human. Almost people in the world have ever complained. They complaint about everything, environment, the increasing prices, education, health, social welfare, and soon. For knowing more about how to make complain, study the following expressions.

*   Some expressions which are used for complaining and handling complaints are :
·         It is not actually that I want.
·         At first you said that, but now…
·         Iam very sorry, sir.
·         I guarantee it won’t happen again.
·         Etc.

Study the following conversation!

Sakhiyya bought a pullover in SOBO ASRI department store yesterday. When she got home she noticed that there was a SMKll tear inside the pullover. The following day she went back to store.

Assistant         : What can I do for you madam?
Sakhiyya        : Yesterday I bought this pullover here. When I got home I found that                               there was a SMKll tear inside this pullover. (She opens the pullover and shows the tear to the assistant). Look!
Assistant         : Oh dear! Yes, there is a SMKll tear inside, isn’t it?
Sakhiyya         : (pleased by the assistant’s manner and concern). Yes, it’s only a SMKll tear, I know, but it was an expensive pullover, naturally I bought it was in perfect condition. I was wondering if you might exchange it for another one.
Assistant         : Do you still keep the receipt, madam?
Sakhiyya        : Yes. Here you are.
Assistant         : Thank you. (She notices the code number). Oh dear! I’m afraid you are unlucky, madam. We haven’t got any more pullovers like this. Yours was the last one. Would you like us to try and mend it?
Sakhiyya         : Do you think I could exchange it for another kind of pullover?
Assistant         : Well, I’m sorry it’s against the policy of the company, actually, but I’ll have a word with the manager and see what he says. Will you excuse me for a moment?
Sakhiyya        : Yes, of course.

(Adopted from English Conversation Practice by K. Method).


EXPRESSION DEALING WITH CONFIRMATION AND CANCELATION

*   To make confirmation, we can use these following expressions :



I’d like to confirm about
My schedule tomorrow
The meeting today
The International seminar this week
My ticket to Jakarta this afternoon
Etc.

*   Some times in confirming something, some one asks for detail information.
Example :
·      I’d like to confirm about our trip to Bali.
·      When it will be held?
·      What time is the departure?
·      What place is going to visit?
·      How many people who join?
·      How much is the fee?
Etc.

*   Study the following dialogue !

Receptionist   : Good morning, SANTIKA HOTEL, can I help you?
Mr. Handika  : Good morning, I’m Mr. Handike, Id like to confirm about the international seminar at this hotel tomorrow, is it right?
Receptionist   : Yes, sir. Tomorrow morning we will hold the International Seminar. Starting at 7.a.m.
Mr. Handika  : What is it about?      
Receptionist   : It is about Fun and Fast Teaching Method, sir.
Mr. Handika  : Who is the speaker?
Receptionist   : The speaker is Mr.Gunawan, sir. He is a lecturer of UGM Yogyakarta.
Mr. Handika  : If I want to be one of the members, what should I do?
Receptionist   : You can come to our hotel and meet Mrs. Maria to register and pay the ticket fee.
Mr. Handika  : Ok, I’ll be there tomorrow. Thank you.
Receptionist   : You’re welcome, sir.

CANCELATION.

To do cancellation, we can use a negative sentence. For more information, study the following dialogue!

I.
A   : Johan can’t make it to the meeting on Monday.
B   : Why?
A   : He won’t be back from Yogya until after lunch.
B   : Will he be here by four?
A   : Yes he would, he will be here by then.
B   : Ok. Let’s arrange the meeting to 5 pm.

II.
A   : I’m sorry. I think we can’t play football this afternoon.
B   : Oh, dear. What’s happened?
A   : My mother asked me to fetch my sister at her school.
B   : That’s too bad. Can’t we play football first then we fetch your sister ?
A   : No, I don’t think so. My mother told me not to be late.
B   : I see. By the way how about tomorrow ?
A   : Yes, of course. Tomorrow is Sunday, isn’t it? We will have a lot of time.


MODAL AUXILIARY
“ WOULD “

*   Study the following uses of “ would “

“ Would “ is used for starting wishes.



I would like
To go for a walk in the City Park.
To have a glass of milk.
To get the morning paper.
You to finish the job soon.
Her to come to my birthday party tonight.
To buy her a memorable present.
To get flying marks on mathematic.

“ Would you like “ is a polite way of saying “ Do you want “ . it can be followed by a noun, pronoun or an infinitive.




Would you like
A cup of tea ?
Something to eat?
To have a rest?
To unpack now?
Me to help you carry your luggage?
A new coat for your birthday?
To go out for dinner tonight?

“Would you “is a polite request of asking someone to do something. It is followed by an infinitive.




Would you
Attend my wedding party next month?
Hold the conference on Monday morning?
Invite them to come to the seminar tomorrow?
Arrange the next staff meeting?
Confirm us about any charge of cancellation?
Open your briefcase, please?
Help me finish the report for tomorrow?
Write me a letter when you are abroad?


*   Make sentences beginning with “would ‘. Choose from boxes!




Would  +
You make
You tell me
You possibly inform us
Like to confirm
You change
You pass
You call me
You attend
The arrangement of the meeting?
About your decision on my offer?
Your plan this weekend?
If you have made up your mind?
Your boarding pass?
The seminar on drugs tomorrow?
The place and date of the next meeting?
The charge of cancellation?


*   Discuss the following task in group !
1. Can I see Mr. Thomson, please ? The word  can  in the sentence means…
a.       ability          b. offer                c. permission
2. Will you take a seat for a while ? The word will in the sentence means..
a. Request                    b. intention                 c. future
3. It  shouldn’t be more than a few minutes. The word should show..
a. Prohibition               b. obligation                c. something recommended
4. May I have your name, please ? The word may shows….
a. Permission               b. possibility                c. uncertainty
5. Would you like a newspaper ? The word would shows…
a. Intention                  b. offer                                    c. request
6. Shall we have a breakfast, Mam ? Shall here is used to talk about…
a. Offer                       b. future happening     c. permission
7. Your answer may be correct. The word may here is used to talk about…
a. Permission               b. possibility                c. obligation
8. You must study your English well. The word must here is used to talk about…
  1. Obligation/necessity                           
  2. reasonable supposition                                   
  3. advise
9. David is from America. He must be able to speak English. The word must here is used to talk about…
  1. Necessary                   
  2. conclusion/reasonable                        
  3. ability
10. Nova can operate the computer well. The word can here is used to talk about….
  1. Probability                              
  2. ability                         
  3. permission

KEY :
1=C
2=A
3=C
4=A
5=B
6=C
7=B
8=A
9=B
10=B

Ø     UNREAL SITUATION  IN THE PRESENT TIME (Conditional Sentence Type 2)
The condotional clauses in the unreal present are used to indicate that the realization of fullfilment of the idea or activity is imposible at any time in the present or future. In other words, this kind of konditional is for imaginary idea which is imposible to realize.

Sentence pattern :
 If + Simple Past Tense,   Simple Past/Past future Tense/Modal Past
            (if –clause)                         (Main-Clause)

Example :
a. If you studied hard, you would pass the exam.
b. My mother would be angry with me if I were late.     
c. If it didn’t rain, we would play tyennis .      
d. You could go home if you finished your job soon.        
Notes :
We can change the position of if-clause and main-clause.
Be in unreal conditional sentence   is always    were (for all subjects)
The fact is the opposite of the conditional sentence type 2 whether in  meaning of tense (becomes present time). So from, the example above, we know in fact:
a. You do not study hard, so you will not /do  ot pass the exam .
b. My mother will not be /is not angry with me because I am not late.
c. It rains, so we will not/ do not play tennis.
d. You can not/do  not go home because you do not finish yous job soon.
Inversion :

In conditional sentence type 2 “if” can be omitted when it is followed by ‘were’ .Then ‘were’ comes before the subject
e.g. : If Iwere late, my mother would be angry with me.
                Were I late , my mother would be angry with me.

ACTIVITY 25
Ø UNREAL SITUATION IN THE PAST TIME (Conditional Sentence Type 3)


The conditional clauses in the unreal past are used to indicate that the fact in the statement is not fullfiled. As a matter of fact the statement is contrary to the fact in gthe past.


Sentence Pattern:
If + Past Perfect Tense    ,     Past Perfect/ Past Future Perfect Tense
       (If-clause)                                            (Main-clause)

Example:
a. If  you had to studied hard, you would have passed the exam
b. My mother would have been angry with me if I hade been late
c. If it hadn’t rained, we would have played tennis
d. You could have gone home if you had finished your job soon.
Notes:
We can change the position of the conditional sentence type 3 whether in meaning or tense (becomes past time). So from the examples above, we know in fact:

a. You did not study hard, so you would not/ did not pass the exam.
b. My mother would not be / was not angry with me because I was not late.
c. It rained, so we would not / did not play tennis.
d. You could not/ did not go home because you did not finish your job soon.

Inversion :
In conditional sentence type 3, ‘if’ can be omitted. The auxilliary verb ‘had’ should come before the subject.
e.g. : If I you had had studied hard, you would have passed the exam.
                Had you studied hard, you would have passed the exam.


CONDITIONAL SENTENCE
( TYPE 1, 2 & 3 )


IF CLAUSE CONDITIONAL
TYPE 1
Fungsi             : Untuk mengandaikan sesuatu yang terjadi di masa yang akan datang.
Pattern           :
If Clause
Main Clause
Simple Present tense
Simple Present Future
S + ( is/am/are ) + Adj /Adv/ N
S + will/shall + V1
S + V1 s / es
S + will/shall + be + Adj/Adv/N
S + do/does not + V1


Example         :
If Clause
Main Clause
If I’m a rich man
I will buy a big house
If she graduates
He will be very happy
The fact          :
·      I may be a rich man, so I may buy a big house.
·      She may graduate, so he may be very happy.
TYPE 2
Fungsi             : Untuk mengandaikan sesuatu yang tidak mungkin terjadi sekarang.
Pettern            :
If Clause
Main Clause
Simple Past Tense
Simple Past Future
S + were + Adj/Adv/N
S + would/should+be+Adj+Adv/N
S + were not + Adj/Adv/N
S + would/should  not +be+Adj/Adv/N
S + V2
S + would + V1
S + did not + V1
S + would/should + V1

The fact
Simple Present Tense
S + ( is/am/are ) + not + Adj/Adv/N
S + ( is/am/are ) + Adj/Adv/N
S + do/does not + V1
S + V1

Example         :
·      If you are my girl friend, I would take you to the moon.
·      He would go home soon If his wife gave birth

The fact          :
·      You are not my girl friend so I don’t take you to the moon.
·      He doesn’t go home soon because his wife doesn’t give birth.

Note  :
Semua subject bila memakai to be adalah “ were “

Type 3
Fungsi             : Untuk mengandaikan sesuatu yang sudah terjadi di masa lalu.
Pattern           :
If Clause
Main Clause
Simple past perfect
Simple Past Perfect Future
S + had + been + Adj/Adv/N
S + would/should+have+been+Adj/Adv/N
S+had not+been+Adj/Adv/N
S+would/should not+have +been + Adj/Adv/N
S + had + V3
S + would/should + have + V3
S + had not + V3
S + would/should not + have + V3

The Fact
Simple Past Tense
S + was / were not + Adj/Adv/N
S + was/were + Adj/Adv/N
S + did not + V1
S + V2

Example         :
·      If Doni had studied hard, He would have graduated from SMK
·      She would have come early if she had gotten a taxi.
The Fact         :
·      Doni did not study hard so he did not graduate from SMK
·      She did not come early because she did not get a taxi.

CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER !

1. If we go to the top, we will have a nice view of Jakarta.
This sentence means…
  1. We have already seen jakarta from the top.
  2. We are now looking and having a nice view of Jakarta.
  3. We saw Jakarta last month.
  4. There is a possibility of seeing Jakarta from the top.
  5. The isn’t any possibility  of seeing Jakarta from the top.

2. If I had come to the music festival, I would have met Ria Abgelina there.
This sentence means…
  1. I didn’t come to the music festival, but I met Ria Angelina there.
  2. I had come to the music festival in order to meet Ria Angelina.
  3. I didn’t come to the music festival, so I didn’t meet Ria Angelina.
  4. I come to the music festival but I didn’t meet Ria Angelina there.
  5. I didn’t come to the music festival and I met Ria Angelina there.

3. He was at lost because he was not well informed. It means : He wouldn’t  have been at lost….
  1. If he was well informed.
  2. If he were well informed
  3. If he was not well informed.
  4. If he had been well informed.
  5. If he would not be well informed.

4. I am not mechanic, I can’t fixed it. This sentence means…
a. If I could be a mechanic, I had fix it.
b. If I have been a mechanic, I would have fix it.
c. If I were a mechanic, I could fix it.
d. If I am a mechanic, I could fix it.
e. If I could have been a mechanic, I had fix it.

5. If she had spare time, she would join us, means…
a. She did not have spare time
b. She has spare time
c. She joins us
d. She doesn’t have spare time.
e. She didn’t join us.

KEY ;
1=D
2=C
3=A
4=D
5=A

SUBJUNCTIVES WITH “WISH( ingin ),
IF ONLY( jika, hanya jika ), AS IF/ AS THOUGH( seolah – olah )
AND WOULD RATHER( lebih suka).”

LANGUAGE FOCUS
To express the condition that is contrary to the real fact we can use the expressions called
Subjunctives “.
Subjunctives used to express “ unfulfilled wish “ ( the hope that can’t be full – filled they are “ wish, if only, as if / as though and would rather “.

Pattern           :

Ada dua bentuk subjunctives yaitu :

Rumus subjunctives

Rumus fakta
present
Simple past tense ( + ) / ( - )
Were
Were not
V2
Did not
Simple present tense ( + ) / ( - )
Is/am/are not
Is/am/are
Do/does not + V1
V1 + s/es

past
Simple past perfect( + ) / ( - )
Had been
Had not been
Had V3
Had not V3
Simple past tense ( + ) / ( - )
Was/were not
Was/ were
Did not + V1
V2


Example         :


Rumus subjunctives
Rumus fakta
present
Simple past tense ( + ) / ( - )
I wish I were a rich man.
If only they were not my brothers.
I would rather you told me.
He acts as if he didn’t know the answers.
She wishes she could come.
Simple present tense ( + ) / ( - )
I am not a rich man.
They are my brothers.

You don’t tell me.
He knows the answer.

She cannot come.

past

Simple past perfect  ( + ) / ( - )
He wished he had been a winner.
If only he had not been here.
They would rather she had called me.
She acted as if/ as though she had not got a prize..

Simple past tense ( + ) / ( - )
He was not a winner
He was here.
She didn’t call me.

She got a prize.

Choose the correct answer !

1. He wishes it …. A holiday today.
a. be                 b. is                  c. was              d. were                        e. had been

2. She wishes her friend ….. on time.
a. arrive           b. arrives          c. arrived         d. has arrived  e. was arriving

3. We wish we … Ana yesterday.
a. can meet                                          d. will have met
b. could meet                                      e. have been meeting  
c. could have met

4. his daughter wished he … a bike a year ago.
a. buy                                                  d. had bought
b. buys                                                 e. will have bought
c. bought        



5. He wishes he … but he can’t.
a. can help                                           d. hasn’t help
b. could help                                       e. could have helped
c. doesn’t help

6. He would rather they….. their work before they got out.
a. finish                                               d. had finished
b. finished                                           e. were finishing
c. can finished

7. The girl behaves as though she … mad.
a. were going                                       d. has gone
b. was going                                        e. will go
c. had gone

8. He acts as if he ….English property.
a. know           b. knew           c. knows          d. had known  e. were knowing

9. He wishes he … follow the interview now.
a. doesn’t have to                                d. will not have to
b. didn’t have to                                 e. weren’t have to
c. hadn’t had to

10. He wished he … his study last year.
a. can continue                                    d. will continue
b. could continue                                e. would continue
c. could have continued

KEY :
1=D
2=C
3=B
4=D
5=B
6=D
7=A
8=B
9=B
10=C

JOB INTERVIEW

Parts of job interview

·      INTRODUCTION
Example of questions
1.      Good morning, please have a seat .
2.      Thanks for coming. Have you been waiting long ?
3.      What time did you ,leave home this morning ?
4.      Did you get any difficulties in finding our office ?
5.      Did you come here by public transportation ?
6.      Did you come here by car ?
7.      How was the traffic from your house to our office ?
8.      Are you still interested in discussing the position ?
9.      Are you ready to be interviewed now ?
10.  Just a moment please, I will call my secretary to accompany me.

·      Background of the applicant
Family
  1. What is your name ?
  2. How old are you ?
  3. Where were you born ?
  4. Where do you live ?
  5. Do you intend to live here or have any plan to move to another town ?
  6. Do you still live with your parents ?
  7. What does your father do ?
  8. Are you married ?
  9. What is your wife’s profession ?
  10. Do you have children ?

interest and motivation
  1. Do you have special hobby ?
  2. May I know your ambition is ?
  3. Do you often ask for another person’s advice before making a decision ?
  4. How did you know our company ?
  5. Why do you interested to apply this company ?
  6. If this company decided to employee you, are you prepared to work over time ?
  7. How much do you ask for your commencing salary in this company ?

education
  1. I think, now might be a good time to tell me about your educational back ground. Could you tell me about your formal education ?
  2. Where and when did you graduated from senior high school ?
  3. What were you majoring in when you were studying in a university ?
  4. What university did you graduate from ?
  5. What was the title of your thesis and why did you choose it ?

training or course
  1. What course did you use to take ?
  2. How long did you study English ?
  3. Where did you study computer ?
  4. Do you think the job training useful for you ?

experience
  1. Why did you decide to quit your job ?
  2. When you work in your previous company, what is more important for you, higher salary or better position ?
  3. What was the most difficult thing for you to do in your previous job ?
  4. Did you often take your job home ?
  5. What do you usually avoid in your previous job ?
  6. What is the most interesting job for you ?


“ GERUND ”

Gerund adalah : kata benda yang di bentuk dari kata kerja yang di tambah – ing.

Fungsi :
1. sebagai subject
Example          :
§  Reading is my hobby.
§  Swimming makes us healthy.

2.sebagai object.
·      setelah kata kerja tertentu, misal    :
avoid                           : menghindari             
consider                      : mempertimbangkan
delay                           : menunda
dislike                         : tidak suka
escape                         : melarikan diri
enjoy                           : menikmati
excuse                         : menuduh
finish                           : selesai
forgive                                    : memaafkan
go on                           : terus menerus
continue                      : terus menerus.
keep on                       : terus menerus
mention                      : menyebutkan
mind                           : berkeberatan
miss                             : ketinggalan
postpone                     : menunda
understand                 : mengerti
appreciate                  : menghargai
can’t resist                  : tak tahan
can’t stand                 : tak tahan
denay                          : menyangkal
risk                              : beresiko

Examples        :
·      would you mind lending me your money ?
·      I can’t stand falling in love with you.
·      The guests enjoyed dancing in a party last night.


1.  setelah preposisi.
( on, in, of, at, before, after, with, without, over, against, etc. )
Examples        :
·      He is interested in investigating a special case.
·      Ani left home without saying anything.
·      She went to sleep after reading  the novel.
·      Before waving her hand, she smiled at me.

2.  setelah frase sebagai berikut
1.    to be used to ( biasa; di waktu lalu )
2.    to be accustomed to ( biasa ; di waktu lalu )
3.    look forward to ( berharap )
Examples        :          
·      I am used to drinking coffee.
·      She is looking forward to seeing the film.

3.  sebagai penjelas kata benda ( noun modifier )
Examples        :
·      the waiting room is very large.
·      She has taken too many sleeping pills.
·      The reading book are on the table.

4.  untuk menyatakan larangan.
Examples        :
·      no smoking
·      no parking

5.  sebagai object kepemilikan
Examples        :
·      Do you mind our visiting you so often ?
·      I objecting to his arriving early for dinner.
·      I don’t mind their missing the class if they know the lesson.


ü Choose the correct answer !

1. …..all the way home made us tired.
a. walk                                                             d. we walk
b. walking                                                       e. we walking
c. we have walked
2. would you mind … your pet snake somewhere else ?
a. to put                                                           d. put
b. to putting                                                    e. puts
c. putting
1.  “ what did he deny ?”
“….”
a. stealing the wallet                                       d. he had stolen the wallet
b. when he stole the wallet                             e. to steal the wallet
c. stolen the wallet
2.  Iwan is working hard for his examination; he avoids … too much.
a. to be going out                                            d. goes out
b. to go out                                                      e. going out
c. go out
5. X : “ Do you like swimming ? “
    Y : “ No, I prefer …. To swimming.”
a. play badminton.                                          d. has played badminton
b. played badminton                                       e. had played badminton
c. playing badminton
6.The boss enjoyed … at Natour Garuda Hotel last night.
a. our dancing                                                 d. us to dance
b. us dancing                                                   e. we dance
c. dance
7.It is difficult to get used … with chopstick.
a. eat                                                                d. to eat
b. eating                                                          e. to eating
c. not eating
6.  “ would you mind … so loudly ?”
a. not talk                                                        d. you not talk
b. to not talk                                                    e. not to talk
c. not talking
7.  I dislike your….my thing without permission.
a. use                                                               d. used
b. using                                                            e. uses
c. to use
10. …..a football player can’t be boring.
a. being                                                            d. is
b. to being                                                       e. has been
c. be

KEY;
1=B
2=C
3=A
4=C
5=C
6=B
7=B
8=C
9=B
1O=A

PLANNING YOUR PRESENTATION

  1. PRESENTATION GUIDELINES

This guideline sheet helps you develop an effective presentation in English :

  1. Title of presentation
  2. Objective of presentation
  3. Main points of presentation
  4. Audio – Visual aids ( AVA ) used in presentation.
  5. Presentation Steps
  6. Expected questions from audience
  7. Presenter’s biodata :
    1. Full name
    2. Present position
  1. Complete address and phone number :
    1. Office
    2. Home
  2. Previous work experience
  3. Educational background

B.     HOW TO MANAGE A PRESENTATION (OPEN UNTIL CLOSE A SPEECH)

·      Below are some possible gambits for concluding your talk :
Ø  . Signaling to end
a.    That brings me to the end of my presentation.
b.    That complete my presentation.
c.    Before I stop/finish, let me just say…
d.   That covers all I wanted to say today.
Ø  Summarizing the talk.
a.    Let me just turn over the key points again.
b.    I’ll briefly summarize the main points.
c.    To sum up, I….
d.   In brief,….
Ø  Concluding
a.    As you can see, there are some good reasons…
b.    In conclusion,….
c.    I’d like to leave you with the following though / idea.
Ø  Recommending
a.    So, I would suggest that we…
b.    I’d like to propose … ( more formal ).
c.    In my opinion, the only way forward is…
Ø  Closing
a.    Thank you for your attention
b.    Thank you for listening
c.    I hope you will have gained and insight into…
Ø  Inviting the questions
a.    I’d be glad to try and answer any questions.
b.    So, let’s throw it to open questions
c.    Any questions ?

Study the example of a completed presentation guideline below !


PRESENTATION GUIDELINE

A.  TITLE OF PRESENTATION
  • The prospect of SMKs in Kendal city, Central Java
B.  OBJECTIVES OF PRESENTATION
  • To give information about the nature of SMK 4 Kendal
  • To give information about the prospect after graduating from SMKs
C.  MAIN POINTS OF PRESENTATION
  • The possibility of developing SMKs in Kendal
  • The constraints faced by SMKs in Kendal

  • A possible solution that may be taken by Kendal Government to overcome the problems.
D.  AUDIO – VISUAL AIDS USED
  • Overhead Projector ( OHP )/LCD
F.   PRESENTATION STEPS
  • Background
  • Information on problems
  • Information on solution
  • conclusion
F.   EXPECTED QUESTION FROM AUDIENCE
  • What is the local government policy on the issue ?
  • What is the ability of Semarang city Government to overcome the constrains ?


Complete the following presentation guideline with your information !


PRESENTATION GUIDELINE

A.  TITLE OF PRESENTATION
*_______________________________

B.  OBJECTIVES OF PRESENTATION
a.______________________________________
b.______________________________________
c.______________________________________

C.  MAIN POINTS OF PRESENTATION
a.______________________________________
b.______________________________________
c.______________________________________

D.  AUDIO – VISUAL AIDS USED
*______________________________________

E.  PRESENTATION STEPS
a.______________________________________
b.______________________________________
c.______________________________________
d._______________________________________

F.   EXPECTED QUESTIONS FROM AUDIENCE
a.________________________________________
b.________________________________________




INTRODUCING YOUR TALK

·      Study some possible gambits for introducing the talk

A. Greeting and tanking ( and personal introduction )
a.    Good morning / good afternoon / good evening ladies and gentlement
b.    First of all, I’d like to thank the moderator for giving me a change to give my presentation
c.    My name is Fadhila from LPIT Cahaya Ummat Ungaran
B. Title your talk
a.    In my talk today, I want to…
b.    I plan to…
c.    I intend to…
d.   I wish to…
e.    I am going to….
f.     I would like to….
C. Purpose statement
a.    My objective is to….
b.    The objective ( the goal ) of my talk is….
c.    The reason for …
C. Outline of the presentation
a.    There are two main areas that I would like to clarify today. The first is…
b.    And the second is….
c.    I’ll cover three main points, first, I’d like to explain….,the I’ll discuss… after that I’ll look at…. And finally I’ll finish with the conclusion.
D. Summary
a.    So, that would be the overall organization of my talk ; three main points and conclusion.

·      Make your own introduction by filling in the information below !

A.  GREETING AND TANKING
*____________________________________

B.  INTRODUCING YOUR TALK
*____________________________________

C.  PURPOSE OF PRESENTATION
*____________________________________

D.  OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION
*____________________________________

E.  SUMMARY
*____________________________________



MANUALS
Read the following instruction !
How to operate the presto
1.      Apply some oil around the upper wall of the presto before cooking, so that you can open or close.
2.      the volume of the ingredients should not more than ¾ of the presto height.
3.      close the lid tightly. Make sure you do it correctly.
4.      at the beginning, apply high heat. When it starts producing a quick noise, turn the fire lower.
5.      avoid moving presto or opening the lid during the heating process.
6.      refer to “ cooking time “ for different kinds of food.
7.      before opening the lid of the presto, put out the fire and wait until the presto cools down.
8.      when there’s no more steam, the presto is ready to be opened.


Study the following dialogue !
A         : What is your favorite snack ?
B         : Oh, it’s sandwich with peanut butter, honey, and a banana. It’s really delicious !
A         : Ugh ! I’ve never heard of that ! how do you make it ?
B         : Well, first, you take two pieces of bread and spread peanut butter on them. Then cut up a banana into SMKll slices and put them on one of the pieces of bread. Then pour some honey over the bananas and put the other piece of bread on top.
A         : It sound awful !

“ USING ADVERBIAL CLAUSES TO SHOW CAUSE
AND EFFECT RELATIONSHIP 
( because, since, now that, as, as long as / so long as, in as much as ) ”




COMPREHENTION
Kata penghubung
Arti
Keterangan
Because
Karena
·      Bisa untuk situasi masa lampau, sekarang, atau masa yang akan datang ( past, present, furture ).
·      Posisi bisa di awal atau antar kalimat, tanpa mengubah makana.
Since
Karena
·      Bisa untuk situasi masa lampau, sekarang, atau masa yang akan datang( past, present, future ).
·      Posisi bisa di awal atau antar kalimat, tanpa mengubah makana.
Now that
Karena sekarang
·      Hanya untuk situasi masa sekarang dan masa yang akan datang ( present dan future ).
·      Posisi di awal kalimat.
As
Karena
·      Bisa untuk situasi masa lampau, sekarang, atau masa yang akan datang( past, present, future ).
·      Posisi bisa di awal kalimat.
As long as/ so long as
Karena
·      Bisa untuk situasi masa lampau, sekarang, atau masa yang akan datang( past, present, future ).
·      Posisi bisa di awal kalimat.
In as much as
Karena
·      Hanya di gunakan untuk tulisan resmi atau pidato.


*   NOTE        :
ü Kata penghubung because, since, as, now that, as long as / so long as, in as much as, hanya di gunakan untuk menggabungkan dua buah kalimat.



EXAMPLES :
a)    Because he was sleepy, he went to bed early.
b)   He went to bed early because he was sleepy.
c)    Since he is not interested in classical music, he decided not to go to the concert.
d)   Now that the semester is finished, I’m going to rest a few days and then take a trip.
e)    As she has nothing in particular to do, she called up a friend and asked her if she wanted to take in a movie.
f)    As long as ( so long as ) you’re not busy, could you help me with this work ?
g)   In as much as the two government leaders could not reach an agreement, the possibilities for peace are still remote.



 USING PREPOSITION TO SHOW CAUSE AND EFFECT RELATIONSHIP
 ( because of, due to, due to the fact that ) ”

COMPREHENTION
Kata penghubung
Arti
Keterangan
Because of
Karena
·      Karena merupakan kata depan, maka harus di ikuti frase (noun phrase).
Due to
Karena
·      Karena merupakan kata depan, maka harus di ikuti frase (noun phrase).
Due to the fact that
Karena
·      Merupakan kata penghubung maka harus di ikuti oleh kalimat.

LOOK AND STUDY THESE FOLLOWING EXAMPLES !
a)    Because the weather was cold, we stayed at home.
b)   Because of the cold weather, we stayed at home.
c)    Due to the cold weather , we stayed home.
d)   Due to the fact that the weather was cold, we stayed home.
e)    We stayed home because of the cold weather.
f)    We stayed home due to the cold weather.
g)   We stayed home due to the fact that the weather was cold.


 “USING TRANSITIONS TO SHOW CAUSE AND EFFECT RELATIONSHIP : therefore and consequently. ”

COMPREHENTION
·      Therefore dan consequently mempunyai arti yang sama yaitu as a result atau akibatnya.
·      Dalam grammar therefore dan consequently di sebut sebagai transisi / peralihan atau kata keterangan sebagai penghubung ( transition or conjunctive adverb).
·      Therefore dan consequently di gunakan untuk meggabungkan dua kalimat.

Examples        :
a)    Novita failed the test because she didn’t’ study.
b)   Novita didn’t study. Therefore, she failed the test.
c)    Novita didn’t study. Consequently, she failed the test.
d)   I forgot to pick her up. Therefore, she got angry with me.
e)    I forget to pick her up. She, therefore, got angry with me.
f)    I forgot to pick her up. She got angry with me, therefore.


OTHER WAYS OF EXPRESSING CAUSE AND EFFECT RELATIONSHIP
: such…that and so…that.

COMPREHENTION
·      Such ….that dan so… that memiliki arti yang sama yaitu “sungguh/ sangat….maka….”.
·      Pattern
o  Such…that encloses a modified noun.

Such + Adjective + Noun + That

Examples        :
b)   It was such a nice weather that we went to the beach.
c)    It was such a good coffee that I had another cup.
d)   It was such a foggy day that we couldn’t see the road.

o  So ….that encloses an adjective or an adverb.


So
Adjective
Or
Adverb

That

Examples        :
a)    The weather was so nice that we went to the beach
b)   The coffee is so hot that I can’t drink it.
c)    He speaks so fast that I can’t understand him.
d)   He walked so quickly that I couldn’t keep up with him.


CONJUNCTION TO SHOW CONTRAS
 ( Although, though, inspite of, despite  )

COMPREHENTION

v To show a contrast we can use although, though, inspite of or despite.
·  Although, though, inspite of and despite have the same meaning : meskipun, walaupun.
·  Although or though is followed by a sentence or a clause.
·  Inspite of or despite is followed by a phrase.

v Study the following examples !
  1. Although she was late, she went to class.
Inspite of being late, she went to class.
Despite being late, she went to class.
  1. Although he had a cold, he went to work.
Inspite of having cold, he went to work.
Despite having a cold, he went to work.
  1. Although Mr. johan has a big salary, he often borrows money.
Inspite of having a big salary, he often  borrows money.
Despite having a big salary, he often borrows money.

BUSSINESS LETTERS

Study parts of the business letters !
There are several different common types of business letters. They are letters of order, request, application, and recommendation.

·      Correct form

All business letters have the following components :


18 North Street
Boise, Idaho 83705
January 14, 1982


Olson’s hardware
12 Sixth Street
Boise, Idaho 83710


Dear Ms. Olson :
            ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Very truly yours

_______________

*   ACTIVITY 2

Example of business letter :

·      The order letter


27 A Adly street
Abdin district
Cairo, Egypt
May 13, 2009


Ms. K. Hutchinson
Beller Company, Inc.
424 Park Avenue
New York, 10021


Dear ms. Hutchinson :
            Thank you for sending your catalog so promptly. It arrived within a few days of my request.

            Please send me the following items by parcel post :
1 copy Emmet and Mullen,                                         $ 7.50
            High School Algebra @ $ 7.50
25 copies Pinehurst                                                    
            Plane Geometry @ $ 8.75                               $ 218.75
                                                Total                            $ 226.25

            I’m enclosing a money order for $ 226.25. if there are additional charges, please let me know.
            Please mail the books to the address given above.



                                                                                    Very truly yours,




                                                                                    Abdul Rahman Farauki




·      Letter of request


Sarminto 702
Buenos Aires, Argentina
August 22, 2006

Matthew – Nessen publishing Company
139 west 50th street
New York, 10020
U.S.A


Dear Sir/Madam
            A recent notice in Education news indicated that your firm has established a textbook division.
            If you plan to publish elementary schoolbooks dealing with geography, I would be interested in having my name placed on your mailing list for catalogs and for notices of other educational materials.



Sincerely yours,



Gabriela Pabon



·      Letter of application


175 Mission Lane
Ogden, Utah 84402
December 15, 2009


Dr. Francisco Gomes
Chairman, department of Chemistry
University of Colorado at Denver
Denver, Colorado 80202



Dear Dr. Gomes
            I have read the announcement of the scholarship in chemistry that the University of Colorado is offering, and I would like to submit my application.
            The enclosed application form for admission ton the graduate school of your university will give me educational history. However, I would like to point out that I have just receive an M.s. degree in chemistry with highest honors. For one semester I acted as teaching assistant in chemistry, working with Professor Saramma. My thesis involves polymer chemistry, which I understand is a specialty at the University of Colorado. I would like to concentrate in that field for my advanced studies.

            If you should require further information, I shall be happy to provide it. I would welcome the opportunity to have a personal interview.


Sincerely yours




Diane Valente






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