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Selasa, 28 Februari 2012

PENDALAMAN MATERI BAHASA INGGRIS :TENSES




ASPECT:
1.SIMPLE
TENSE
PRESENT
PAST
1.       THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

S + V1/ V+s ( s + IS/ AM /ARE + ADJ/ NOUN/ ADV.
 Example ,
a.       Tina  studies every day.
b.      She is a diligent student.
Markers :
Every ….
Each …..
2.       THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE.

S +V2( S +WAS/ WERE+ ADJ/ NOUN/ ADV. Example :
a.       She studied hard last night for the exam.
b.      She was tired and sleepy.
Markers:
Yesterday                           just now
…….ago.                              last ….                           
This morning.

2. FUTURE
3. THE PRESENT FUTURE
 S+ WILL/ SHALL + V1/ BE
Example:
She will study with me tonight.
I will be there at 7 tonight.
Markers :
Tonight                       Tomorrow
Soon                           next ……

4.       THE PAST FUTURE.
S+ WOULDL + V1/ BE
Example:
She would study with me tonight if she were not too busy helping her mother.
Markers :
Used in the Present unreal condition.


3. PERFECT
 5. THE  PRESENT PERFECT.
S  + HAS/ HAVE + V3/ BEEN
Example:
Tina has gone to Bali for several times.
She’s been to Kuta, Sanur, Kintamani and other places.
Markers :
Since ….                           For ….

6.  THE PAST PERFECT.
S + HAD + V3/BEEN
Example:
When I came to her house, she had studied math.
Markers :
When + S  + v2/ was/ were.

4.CONTINOUS
7. THE PRESENT CONTINOUS.
S + IS/AM/ ARE + V-ING
Example:
Look! She is studying .
She’s making her homework now.
Markers :
Now                            this time/ week,….
Look!                          Listen !
8.  THE PAST CONTINOUS.
S + WAS/ WERE + V-ING.
Example:
She was studying English when I came to her house.
Markers :
When S +V2
While S + WAS/ WERE + V-ING

Devoted to my beloved students of SMK4


TENSE TABLE WITH COMBINED ASPECTS

ASPECT:
1.FUTURE+PERFECT
TENSE
THE PRESENT
PAST
9.   THE  PRESENT FUTURE PERFECT TENSE.
S + WILL+ HAVE +V3/BEEN.
 Example ,
a.   Tina  will have got married by the end of this year
b.   She will have been at school when/ before we arrive there.
Markers :
By the end of …
When/ before S + V1/Vs

10. THE PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE.

S + WOULD+ HAVE+V3/ BEEN
Example :
a.    She would have  got married last year if she had graduated.

Markers:
If S + had+ V3/ Been
( used in the Past impossible condition )
2. FUTURE +CONTINOUS
3. THE PRESENT FUTURE CONTINOUS
 S+ WILL/ SHALL +  BE+ Ving
Example:
She will  be studying  with me tonight.
Markers :
Tonight                       Tomorrow
Soon                           next ……

5.       THE PAST FUTURE.
S+ WOULDL + BE + Ving
Example:
She would studying  with me tonight if she were not too busy helping her mother.
Markers :
Used in the Present unreal condition.

3. PERFECT + CONTIOUS
 5. THE  PRESENT PERFECT.
S  + HAS/ HAVE +  BEEN+Ving
Example:

We have been studying hard all the morning
Markers :
Since ….                           For ….

7.  THE PAST PERFECT.
S + HAD + BEEN+Ving
Example:
When I came to her house last night, she had  been making her  math homework.
Markers :
When + S  + v2/ was/ were.

4.FUTURE + PERFECT+CONTINOUS
7. THE PRESENT FUTURE PERFECT CONTINOUS.
S + WILL+ HAVE  + V-ING
Example:
We will have been  studying for 15 minutes before/when the teacher  comes
Markers :
By the end of …
When/ before S + V1/Vs

11. THE PAST FUTURE PERFECT CONTINOUS.
S + WOULD + HAVE + BEEN + V-ING.
Example:
She would have been practicing  English with us for 1 hour if she came on time.
Markers :
When  S +had + V3/ BEEN
( Used in the past impossible condition

Devoted to my beloved students of SMK4

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